Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit Tools 工具empty.exe自动清理服务器内存

sysdee 发表于 服务器 分类,标签: 连接 Conn 安装 删除 by
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微软总是把一些实用的小工具放在什么resource kit里面,但是对于大多数使用者来说,就需要自力更生了。

这里介绍一下empty.exe这个小程序,Windows平台下的应用程序的体积越来越大,占用的内存资源也不断增加。很多程序占用大量内存资源后却不能及时释放,造成极大的浪费。虽然使用第三方内存管理软件可以释放空闲内存资源,但很有可能引起系统的不稳定。Windows Server 2003资源工具箱自带的“empty.exe”命令就可以有效地解决这个问题。使用Empty.exe命令不会强迫系统全部释放内存资源,而是仅仅释放必要的资源。

需要说明的是这个程序最好运行在Windows server 2003环境中。因此利用这个官方提供的程序来清理服务器的内存是非常合适的。

Empty.exe命令使用格式:

empty.exe{pid(进程ID)|task-name(映像名称)}

    由于该工具是在命令提示符下应用的,所以我们可以写一个批处理命令,然后在任务计划当中设定在规定时间自动执行这个批处理命令(比如每晚12:00),这样就达到了定期清理内存的效果,非常方便。

@echo off 
echo 正在清理内存,请稍等...... 
empty *.*
echo 清理内存完成!

Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit Tools可以在这个地址下载,容量12M左右,只有英文版。

http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=9d467a69-57ff-4ae7-96ee-b18c4790cffd&displaylang=en

其中包括的工具有:

  
Acctinfo.dll (documented in Readme.htm) 

Adlb.exe: Active Directory Load Balancing Tool,AD负载均衡 

Admx.msi: ADM File Parser,ADM文件解析 

Atmarp.exe: Windows ATM ARP Server Information Tool 

Atmlane.exe: Windows ATM LAN Emulation Client Information 

Autoexnt.exe: AutoExNT Service 

Cdburn.exe: ISO CD-ROM Burner Tool,ISO光盘刻录 

Checkrepl.vbs: Check Replication,检查复制 

Chklnks.exe: Link Check Wizard,链接检查 

Chknic.exe: Network Interface Card Compliance Tool for Network Load Balancing 

Cleanspl.exe: Spooler Cleaner,打印池清理 

Clearmem.exe: Clear Memory,内存清理 

Clusdiag.msi: Cluster Diagnostics and Verification Tool,集群诊断和检验 

Clusfileport.dll: Cluster Print File Port 

Clusterrecovery.exe: Server Cluster Recovery Utility,集群恢复 

Cmdhere.inf: Command Here 

Cmgetcer.dll: Connection Manager Certificate Deployment Tool 

Compress.exe: Compress Files,压缩文件 

Confdisk.exe: Disk Configuration Tool,磁盘配置 

Consume.exe: Memory Consumers Tool,内存消耗 

Creatfil.exe: Create File,创建文件 

Csccmd.exe: Client-Side Caching Command-Line Options 

Custreasonedit.exe: Custom Reason Editor (documented in Readme.htm) 

Delprof.exe: User Profile Deletion Utility,用户配置删除 

Dh.exe: Display Heap 

Diskraid.exe: RAID Configuration Tool,RAID配置 

Diskuse.exe: User Disk Usage Tool,磁盘使用情况 

Dnsdiag.exe: SMTP DNS Diagnostic Tool (documented in Readme.htm) ,SMTP/DNS诊断 

Dumpfsmos.cmd: Dump FSMO Roles 

Dvdburn.exe: ISO DVD Burner Tool,ISO DVD刻录 

Empty.exe: Free Working Set Tool 

Eventcombmt.exe: Check Replication 

Fcopy.exe: File Copy Utility for Message Queuing,消息队列文件复制 

Frsflags.vbs 

Getcm.exe: Connection Manager Profile Update,连接管理配置文件更新 

Gpmonitor.exe: Group Policy Monitor,组策略察看 

Gpotool.exe: Group Policy Objects,组策略对象 

Hlscan.exe: Hard Link Display Tool 

Ifilttst.exe: IFilter Test Suite 

Ifmember.exe: User Membership Tool 

Inetesc.adm: Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration 

Iniman.exe: Initialization Files Manipulation Tool 

Instcm.exe: Install Connection Manager Profile 

Instsrv.exe: Service Installer,服务安装 

Intfiltr.exe: Interrupt Affinity Tool 

Kerbtray.exe: Kerberos Tray 

Kernrate.exe: Kernel Profiling Tool 

Klist.exe: Kerberos List 

Krt.exe: Certification Authority Key Recovery 

Lbridge.cmd: L-Bridge 

Linkd.exe 

Linkspeed.exe: Link Speed,连接速度 

List.exe: List Text File Tool,察看文本文件 

Lockoutstatus.exe: Account Lockout Status (documented in Readme.htm) 

Logtime.exe 

Lsreport.exe: Terminal Services Licensing Reporter 

Lsview.exe: Terminal Services License Server Viewer 

Mcast.exe: Multicast Packet Tool 

Memmonitor.exe: Memory Monitor,内存察看 

Memtriage.exe: Resource Leak Triage Tool 

Mibcc.exe: SNMP MIB Compiler 

Moveuser.exe: Move Users,移动用户 

Mscep.dll: Certificate Services Add-on for Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol 

Nlsinfo.exe: Locale Information Tool,地理位置信息 

Now.exe: STDOUT Current Date and Time 

Ntimer.exe: Windows Program Timer 

Ntrights.exe 

Oh.exe: Open Handles 

Oleview.exe: OLE/COM Object Viewer 

Pathman.exe: Path Manager,路径管理 

Permcopy.exe: Share Permissions Copy,共享权限复制 

Perms.exe: User File Permissions Tool,用户文件权限工具 

Pfmon.exe: Page Fault Monitor 

Pkiview.msc: PKI Health Tool 

Pmon.exe: Process Resource Monitor 

Printdriverinfo.exe: Drivers Source 

Prnadmin.dll: Printer Administration Objects 

Qgrep.exe 

Qtcp.exe: QoS Time Stamp 

Queryad.vbs: Query Active Directory,AD查询 

Rassrvmon.exe: RAS Server Monitor,RAS服务器察看 

Rcontrolad.exe: Active Directory Remote Control Add-On 

Regini.exe: Registry Change by Script 

Regview.exe (documented in Readme.htm) 

Remapkey.exe: Remap Windows Keyboard Layout,重映射键盘布局 

Robocopy.exe: Robust File Copy Utility,强大的文件复制 

Rpccfg.exe: RPC Configuration Tool,RPC配置 

Rpcdump.exe 

Rpcping.exe 

RPing: RPC Connectivity Verification Tool 

Rqc.exe: Remote Access Quarantine Client 

Rqs.exe: Remote Access Quarantine Agent 

Setprinter.exe: Spooler Configuration Tool 

Showacls.exe 

Showperf.exe: Performance Data Block Dump Utility 

Showpriv.exe: Show Privilege 

Sleep.exe: Batch File Wait 

Sonar.exe: FRS Status Viewer 

Splinfo.exe: Print Spooler Information 

Srvany.exe: Applications as Services Utility 

Srvcheck.exe: Server Share Check 

Srvinfo.exe: Remote Server Information 

Srvmgr.exe: Server Manager,服务器管理 

Ssdformat.exe: System State Data Formatter 

Subinacl.exe 

Tail.exe 

Tcmon.exe: Traffic Control Monitor,流量控制察看 

Timeit.exe (documented in Readme.htm) 

Timezone.exe: Daylight Saving Time Update Utility 

Tsctst.exe: Terminal Server Client License Dump Tool 

Tsscalling.exe: Terminal Services Scalability Planning Tools 

Uddicatschemeeditor.exe: UDDI Services Categorization Scheme Editor 

Uddiconfig.exe: UDDI Services Command-line Configuration Utility 

Uddidataexport.exe: UDDI Data Export Wizard 

Usrmgr.exe: User Manager for Domains,域用户管理 

Vadump.exe: Virtual Address Dump 

Vfi.exe: Visual File Information 

Volperf.exe: Shadow Copy Performance Counters 

Volrest.exe: Shadow Copies for Shared Folders Restore Tool 

Vrfydsk.exe: Verify Disk,磁盘检验 

Winexit.scr: Windows Exit Screen Saver 

Winhttpcertcfg.exe: WinHTTP Certificate Configuration Tool 

Winhttptracecfg.exe: WinHTTP Tracing Facility Configuration Tool 

Winpolicies.exe: Policy Spy 

Wins.dll: WINS Replication Network Monitor Parser 

Wlbs_hb.dll & Wlbs_rc.dll: Windows Load Balancing Server Network Monitor Parsers 

安装图例及效果对比:

直接安装或解压:


选择安装目录:


如果对单个或多个指定的进程清理,先在任务管理选择显示进程PID:


运行之后效果对比(图片取自于一台Windows server 2003服务器)





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